Pulse USA gets you the crops you need

Cover Crop Seed

We are continually adding species to our cover crop program to ensure that we provide you with the "latest and greatest". The relationships we have with plant breeders allow us to consistently provide the best of these species to you. We design cover crop mixes to address specific goals for your farm while keeping them uniform in seed size and adaptable for your growing environment.

 

Most of our cover crop species are pre-inoculated but some of them must be inoculated right at planting. We do warehouse all necessary inoculants at our Bismarck, ND facility. If you are an organic farmer or rancher, we have non-treated and non GMO seed available. Our cover crops are available in bulk, mini-bulk totes and 50 lb. bags.We ship anywhere in the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii. We offer our own cover crop blends and custom blends are also available. 

 

We look forward to providing you with friendly, reliable and efficient service for all of your cover crop needs. We believe that working hands-on with our customers is more important than asking you to create mixtures online. We are here to offer support so we can provide you with real-time, real-world information from person to person. 

 

There are a lot of goals that can be accomplished through the implementation of cover crops. They can be used as a food source for livestock, a shelter for wildlife, a bank for mycorrhizal fungi and so much more. Often, we ge the question, "Why should I spend money to plant a cover crop?" For us, cover cropping is more than just soil health. So, follow along with us as we teach you "How you can incorporate a cover crop to both biologically and economically benefit your farm." 

 

Pulse USA Cover Crop Reference Chart

 

Above Ground Biomass
Providing above ground biomass is essential for livestock grazing, wildlife habitats and attracting pollinators and other beneficial insects. 

Living Roots in the Soil
Living roots are vital for accomplishing a number of goals - from promoting mycorrhizal fungi to increasing water infiltration, a living root needs to exist. And its important to use the right plant specie to accomplish these specific goals. For a complete listing of which crops can be used to accomplish specific things refer to our cover crop reference chart (link below). 

Building a Soil Armor
Allows for a reduction (or elimination) of soil erosion, decrease in soil temperature and evaporative water loss which leads to improved drought tolerance, increased in soil organic matter and water infiltration. 

Decaying Root Channels
Decomposing cover crop roots improve air and water movement in soils and create deeper (and new) pathways for the subsequent crops.

Selecting a Cover Crop

1. Identify Your Goal(s)
2. Determine Your Subsequent Crop
3. Check Herbicide Records
4. Contact a Specialist at Pulse USA

We will help you decide the rest to get the job done: 
- The ideal time to plant
- The best methods for planting
- The appropriate seeds to select

 

Purchase Cover Crop Seed

 

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Cover Crop Seeds


COOL SEASON BROADLEAVES


Chicory


Chicory is a cool season broadleaf and also a legume so it has a natural ability to fixate Nitrogen. It has a very deep taproot so it is resilient during drought conditions. It is suited well for grazing and haying systems and produces high protein contents. We recommend including Chicory in a mixture with a cool season grass to improve dry matter intake if it will be fed to livestock. Chicory is also a great option for including in perennial, pollinator mixtures. 



Life Cycle: Perennial
Drilled Seeding Rate: 5 - 6 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/5 - 1/4" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 400,000 seeds/lb. 

This specie requires inoculant. 



Collard, Impact Forage

Impact Forage collard is a cool season, brassica that is a great component of grazing mixtures. In order for collards to go into their reproductive stage and produce seeds, commonly known as 'bolting', they have to vernalize. This means that during their first growing season they will remain vegetative which makes it so beneficial for forage mixes because it will only focus on producing biomass, and not producing seed. Since it is a brassica it will also do a great job of reducing soil compaction and creating root channels deep into the soil. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 5 - 8 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 175,000 seeds/lb.



Flax, Golden Omega

Flax is a cool season broadleaf with a small seed size so it fits great in aerial, cover crop systems. It is classified as a moderate water use and has a shallow root structure so it draws moisture within the first 12 to 36 inches of the soil. Flax is a great component in mixtures with medium and deep root strucutures to provide diversity in where moisture is used. It produces a lavendar flower for attracting pollinators and other beneficial insects. 

 

Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 30 - 40 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 3/4" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 80,000 seeds/lb.



Kale, Bayou

Bayou Kale is a cool season, forage brassica with excellent winter hardiness that is well adapted to the Northern Plains. If you are looking for a grazing mix that you can graze late into the Fall and Winter, while experiencing some freezing temperatues, we recommend it above all other brassicas. We've found it to be considerably more winter hardy than any other variety of radish, turnip and even rapeseed. It can grow up to 8' in height, if it reaches full plant maturity, and has a smaller stem. Bayou Kale is excellent for rotationally grazing because it has excellent re-growth potential. 

 
                                           Photo Courtesy: Saddle Butte Ag
Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 4 - 6 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 130,000 seeds/lb.



Mustard, White

Mustard is a cool season, broadleaf that has good drought tolerance and requires low water. It has a medium root depth so it fits well in a blend with shallow and deep tap rooters. Mustard canopies the ground well and can be planted earlier so its a great option for shading out winter annual weeds. It produces a bright, yellow flower so it's a great option in pollinator mixes. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 5 - 8 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 3/4" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 100,000 seeds/lb.



Phacelia, Angela

Phacelia is a cool season, broadleaf that is infamous for capturing nitrates and other nutrients at risk of leaching. It has a strong root structure that does an excellent job at reducing soil compaction. It stays fairly short through out the growing season and even at full plant maturity it only reaches 12 - 16" in height. It has a unique flower, lavendar in color, that is resilient in blooming for long periods of time. It isn't recommended in grazing or haying mixtures. 


 

Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 12 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 225,000 seeds/lb.




Radish, Jackhammer™ 

Jackhammer Radish™ is a cool season, brassica that fits into a wide array of cover crop mixtures. It is a staple in most cover crop, forage and wildlife blends. It has a deep tap-root which helps to bust through hard-pans, reduce soil compaction, improve water infiltration and to scavenge for nutrients. Jackhammer Radish™ produces fair amounts of biomass making them a great component for those grazing and wildlife habitat mixtures. We recommend them in aerial mixes post small grain harvest along with other legumes and brassicas. If you have issues with saline, we do not recommend using radish but using sugarbeets in those areas. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 4 - 6 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 48,000 seeds/lb.



Radish, Smart®

Smart Radish® is a cool season, brassica with a maturity that fits into our climate so that available water and nutrients are put into building a strong root system to improve soils, produce high biomass for grazing, and wide leaves that can canopy soil. It has a tenacious, penetrating "V" shaped bulb that roots down much differently than other traditional varieties of radish. It also has fiborous, lateral roots that help to reach additional layers in the soil. Smart Radish® has a high tillering trait that provides more leaf area and higher plant biomass. It works great in grazing, cover crop and wildlife mixtures. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 4 - 6 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 48,000 seeds/lb.




Rapeseed, Dwarf Essex


Dwarf Essex rapeseed is a cool season, brassica equiped well for grazing and cover crop mixes. It has a fiborous root strucutre, along with a tap-root, which makes it unique compared to other brassicas. Like many other brassicas, it is highly palatable which makes it great for grazing systems. It has good salinity tolerance so we recommend it in those troublesome areas. Dwarf Essex rapeseed is fairly drought tolerant and can reach up to 24" in height at full plant maturity. It grows well into the Fall during freezing temperatures making it a good option for late season grazing systems. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 4 - 6 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 150,000 seeds/lb.



Sugarbeet

Sugarbeet is a cool season, broadleaf that is great in wildlife blends. It has a sweet tubar than other cool season options which makes it attractive to big game, such as deer, when they are feeding in the mixture. After the first frost, the tubar becomes even more sweet making them most attractive late Fall. It has a deep root system which makes an option for cover crop mixtures as well. Sugarbeets can tolerate saline areas so it is recommended in saline mixtures with areas of EC levels up to 8.29.



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 4 - 6 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 10,000 seeds/lb.




Turnip, Purple Top


Purple Top Turnip is a cool season, brassica that is most commonly used in grazing systems. We use them frequently in "hay to graze" mixtures when a farmer wants to plant a mixture to cut for hay and then graze the re-growth. Typically, the turnips remain small enough when the mixture is cut for hay and then after the biomass is removed they are able to capture more sunlight and start to produce for grazing. Below is a picture of this practice. They are tolerant to the cool temperatures so extended grazing periods into the late Fall and Winter can occur. Purple Top Turnips are also great in cover crop systems focused on goal(s) related to soil health. We refer to them as a "nutrient bank" in those mixes because they can locate and store nutrients from the soil and then release them through decomposition the following year. 

 

Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 2 - 4 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 150,000 seeds/lb.





COOL SEASON GRASSES


Barley, AKF Axcel*

AKF Axcel Barley is a high quality, two-rowed awnless variety. It was developed in western North Dakota and offers a better feed value and higher protein than the older varieties available. It pairs well with forage peas to increase feed values even more. Barley is great in cover crop mixtures because it withstands cooler temperatures better than a lot of other grasses, even the cool season ones. It can grow in EC levels of 8.29 and below making it a staple in saline, cover crop mixes. 

Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 90 - 110 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 3/4 - 1 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size: 13,000 seeds/lb.



Oat, Everleaf® 114** Forage

Everleaf® 114 is a true spring, black, forage oat with high yield potential. It has a delayed heading characteristic so much of its biomass, and quality, comes from its extended maturity. It is more drought tolerant than Everleaf® 126 so its better adapted for low-yielding areas.
It has a wide leaf which helps cover the soil better than other grasses when used in cover crop mixes. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 60 - 80 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1 - 2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 14,000 seeds/lb.



Oat, Everleaf® 126** Forage

Everleaf® 126 is a true spring, black forage oat that has really made a name for itself in eastern North Dakota and the state of South Dakota. It is bred for high-yielding environments, responds well to added fertilizer and produces high forage yields. It is approximately seven days later than Everleaf® 114. It has a wide leaf which helps cover the soil better than other grasses when used in cover crop mixes. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 60 - 80 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1 - 2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 14,000 seeds/lb.



Oat, Proleaf™ 234 Dual-Purpose

Proleaf™ 234 is a dual purpose, white oat that gives growers the option to use it for forage or grain. The forage production is slightly lower than the Everleaf® varieties but it gives you flexibility as a dual purpose. It is a more economical option for using in cover crop mixes. 

 

Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 60 - 80 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1 - 2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 14,000 seeds/lb.



Ryegrass, Annual

Annual ryegrass establishes itself very quickly making it a great option for a narrowing window of growing days. It grows green late into the Fall so using it in grazing mixes is recommended. It has good forage quality for livestock diets and a shorter plant height than other cool season, forage grasses which offers nice diversity for grazing systems. It has a strong, fiborous root structure for those of you looking to reduce soil erosion and to alleviate compaction issues. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 12 - 15 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 220,000 seeds/lb.



Ryegrass, Italian

Italian ryegrass is a more productive ryegrass compared to anual ryegrass, however, it does seem to over-winter better than annual so keep that in mind when you're trying to decide between the two. If you'd like over-wintering for early Spring grazing or to have for soil cover, Italian is a great option. But if you'd prefer to just have it one season than Annual is recommended. It establishes itself quickly and produces good re-growth for rotational grazing systems. It also has a slightly higher feed value than annual.

Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 12 - 15 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 220,000 seeds/lb.



Triticale, TriCal® Surge** Spring

Surge is a tall, awnless (completely beardless) variety with excellent early season vigor. It tolerates the early cool season temperatures really well and also has good drought tolerance. If you're wanting to plant a cover crop mix and include species that 'get up and going' quickly in the Spring, we recommend to include Surge. It has a high protein content making it a good option for haying, grazing or silage. 



Life Cycle: Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 70 - 90 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 1/2 - 1 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 12,000 seeds/lb.



Winter Rye, AC® Hazlet

AC® Hazlet winter rye is a winter hardy, fast-growing cereal crop. A key attribute for rye it is natural allelopathic effect which allows it to inhibit the growth and reproduction of weed species. Its massive root structure and great winter hardiness make it an excellent cover crop option in preparation for soybeans. It is most commonly used as a quick Fall cover to reduce wind, soil and water erosion in the Red River Valley and to hold the soil in tact going into the following Spring. It's a low cost option that can easily be broadcasted or aerial applied into an existing crop. 

 

Life Cycle: Winter Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 60 - 70 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 3/4 - 1 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 17,000 seeds/lb.



Winter Triticale, TriCal® Flex 719

Flex 719 is an awnletted (reduced beard length) variety from the TriCal® program. It has won many forage trials over the last few years for both tonnage and feed values. It has good straw strength and can get very tall which turns into a lot of yield. It has good winter survival making it an excellent fit for the Upper Midwest.

Life Cycle: Winter Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 70 - 80 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 3/4 - 1 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 12,000 seeds/lb.



Winter Wheat, Willow Creek Forage

Willow Creek is a forage winter wheat that was developed by Montana State University. This tall, late-maturing, fine-stemmed winter wheat offers great forage characteristics. Willow Creek is beardless and highly palatable with good winter hardiness. It was bred, and is used for, grazing early in the Spring to delay turnout on native pastures. 

Life Cycle: Winter Annual
Drilled Seeding Rate: 60 - 90 lbs. per acre 
Planting Depth: 3/4 - 1 1/2" 
Appoximate Seed Size
: 14,000 seeds/lb.



*Authorized to be grown as Certified Seed Only (CSO). This variety cannot be harvested and/or sold for seed without written permission from the owner. This variety is only allowable to be harvested for forage purposes. Any illegal reproduction of this variety will be punishable by law.

**Unauthorized Propagation Prohibited – PVPA 1994 – U.S. Protected Variety. To be sold by variety name only as a class of certified seed.

***Unauthorized Propagation Prohibited – PVPA 1994 – U.S. Protected Variety – Pending. To be sold by variety name only as a class of certified seed.